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关于定语从句的关系代词选择重点突破

2022-12-03| 发布者: 塔河新闻网| 查看: 144| 评论: 3|来源:互联网

摘要: 关于定语从句的关系代词选择重点突破1.只能用关系代词that的情况①先行词为all,everything,anything,nothing,little,much等...
关于定语从句的关系代词选择重点突破
1.只能用关系代词that的情况
①先行词为all, everything, anything, nothing, little, much等不定代词时
Now all _______ is urgently needed is money and hands.
【答案与解析】填all that。先行词为all。句意:目前急需要的是钱和人手。
②先行词被all, any, every, each, much, little, no, some, few等修饰时;
We heard clearly every word _______ he said.
【答案与解析】填that或省略that不填。先行词被every修饰。句意:他说的每句话我们都听得都很清楚。
③先行词有形容词最高级和序数词修饰时
The third place _______ we are going to visit is Hangzhou.
【答案与解析】填that。先行词被序数词修饰。我们要去拜访的第三个地方是杭州。
④先行词既指人又指物时
She described in her compositions the people and places _______ impressed her most.

【答案与解析】填that。先行词the people and places中既有人又有地方,故用that。句意:她在作文里描写了令她印象深刻的人和地方。

不知不觉背单词
随时随地背单词
新概念英语青少版

⑤先行词被the only, the very修饰时
He’s the only boy in our city _______ enters the Beijing University. 
【答案与解析】填that。先行词被the only修饰。句意:他是我市唯一考取北京大学的男孩子。
⑥句中已经有who或which时,为了避免重复时
Who is the girl _______ drove the car?
【答案与解析】填that。句中已经有了who。句意:刚才开车的那个女孩是谁?

2.只能用which, who, whom的情况
①在非限制性定语从句中,只能用which指代物,用who/whom指人
After graduating from college, I took some time off to go travelling, which turned out to be a wise decision. 
大学毕业后,我们休假一段时间去旅游,结果证明这是一个明智的决定。
Ellen was a painter of birds and nature, who, for some reason, had withdrawn from all human society.   
艾伦是一个鸟类和自然画家,由于某种原因,从人类社会隐身而退。
②在由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句中,只能用which指物,whom指人。
Gun control is a subject about which Americans have argued for a long time.  
枪支管理是美国人长期争论的一个话题。
Have you sent thank-you notes to the relatives from whom you received gifts?
 你从亲戚那儿收到了礼物后,有没有给他们发感谢信?
③先行词本身是that时,关系词用which, 先行词为those, one, he时常常用who。
Happiness and success often come to those who are good at recognizing their own strengths.
幸福和成功常常会光顾那些善于认识到自身力量的人(即自信的人)。

3.the way做先行词时,定语从句可以用that和in which引导或是省略的
What surprised me was not what he said but the way(that/in which) he said it.
使我吃惊的不是他说的什么而是他说话的方式。


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